The only time laws, rules, or one’s behaviour should discriminate between genders, races, people of different sexualities or other features is when those features make a practical an provable difference.
- For example, gender should only be mentioned in laws if the law is dependent on the physiology of men or women. Women deserve leniency or time off work if they are suffering due to menstruation, as that is a physiological condition that they cannot control. On the other hand both men and women deserve time off work to take care of a newborn because they are both parents, but this ha nothing to do with their gender. Gender does not change the fact that a couple has a child that requires attention.
- Race has no bearing on legal matters or in any way on how we should treat people, to the best of my knowledge. The colour of someone’s skin or their origin should not change how we treat them, because such things have no effect on almost anything. A colour is not a reasonable feature to judge people by.
This is how a society should be without racism. The problem with this is that some societies have people who are so racist that they will continue to discriminate against specific groups and oppress them, often hiding behind excuses. Even people who are not very racist may subtly treat people differently, or worse because of what someone is or looks like, or even simply have a bias they might not be aware of. Any of these types of people may be discriminating against and oppressing others, knowingly or not.
For example, the colour, national or ethnic origin, or other arbitrary features of someone should not affect whether they get into a university or not, because there is no connection between such qualities and their qualifications for a university career. However, if the people in charge of admissions are racist, they may deny someone because of their race and claim that it was actually because there were better candidates or a lack of space. To avoid this, reverse discrimination is employed in the United States to force universities to accept a minimum amount of people of different races.
This solves the problems that can be assumed to have otherwise happened where someone may have denied someone admission because of their race. Instead, they will be forced to accept some of those students, which means an otherwise qualified student will be spared discrimination due to race. However, if there are not enough qualified candidates of a certain racial group, the university will be forced to accept unqualified students from that group to meet the statistics required for reverse discrimination. Since the university can only admit so many students, this means some qualified students will be denied entry because they are not one of the minority group that benefit from reverse discrimination. While this is not as bad as racism, the result is still that people are being denied entry because of their skin colour. Another problem that is even less bad, some people are also being unfairly chosen over others who are not as qualified.
Reverse discrimination has some good effects but is a band-aid solution that does not permanently or efficiently solve the problem of discrimination and oppression. In fact, it tries to fix discrimination with more discrimination, resulting in practical benefits but flawed theory that causes negative side effects. It is a temporary and ineffective solution that countries like the US need because of the racism that still exists there. It is unfortunate that they need it, but at least it is an attempt.
For any other situation I would never suggest reverse discrimination or discrimination of any kind based on unreasonable factors like race, but for situations like the US it is needed to avoid more racism. However, it is not acceptable to maintain and needs to be removed once we figure out how to solve racism in a wider and more effective way.
Racism and hate in general need to be shown to the public to be negative and that they are unreasonable. Once we figure out a way to at least prove this then we can try to include this in education to avoid racism in the future, and preferably show racists that they are wrong.
We should never judge people based on arbitrary qualities as that is unreasonable and unjust, and leads to oppression. While sometimes the best solution may be to help some more oppressed groups at the expense of others, this does not solve the problem and might make problems for others. Although this is not ideal, it is the best option at the moment in the US. We need a better system that solves the underlying problem of hate to make sure this type of oppression never happens again.