When someone believes something like “it has to be this way” or that something “wasn’t meant to be” in a predetermined or objective manner, there is a good chance that they are making an assumption and justifying it by claiming that “the universe” or some other objective power made it so.
Claim of Destiny- “It Just Wasn’t Meant To Be” Fallacy
An example of this is a superstitious person who could say “since you were late for our first date that’s destiny’s way of saying we weren’t meant to be”. Even if destiny can tell people what is meant to be, there is no known science to determine how to know what signs mean what. There is no reason to assume that being late for your first date has any important meaning, neither for the future of one’s relationship nor on the character of the person who was late. The person could have simply been in a car accident, or held up for reasons beyond their control. There is no evidence to show that destiny slowed down that person and made sure that they arrived late, on the contrary, all evidence I know of points to destiny being deterministic, meaning that it is our responsibility to make things happen. On the other hand the person might just be chronically late to things, which means it wasn’t destiny’s fault that they were late, it would have happened on any date the man went on. If being late is a bad sign from destiny, then this late person will never have a relationship, which isn’t how a just destiny would do things.
Claim of Objectivity- “That’s Just How It Is” Fallacy
Perhaps worse than superstition, some people make assumptions that they claim are logical, obvious, or simply true. When someone claims that “that is just how it works” they are avoiding having to justify their point of view.
Some people have trouble explaining why they believe something, which is not their fault. But some people stop at this and claim that since they cannot explain things they should never bother. This is a form of arrogance as they never doubt themselves and simply trust that their unexplainable reasons are always true. The fact that you do not know how to explain your reasons does not mean that you are immune from having to check them.
There are few “rules” in life that do not have exceptions or are broadly applied. Few groups of people follow their stereotypes, few words and expressions have the same meaning and connotation with every person that uses them. You don’t “have to” do anything. Rules have to be justified to be followed.
The idea of someone never being wrong requires the person to have sufficient knowledge of a subject and flawless logic, both of which are extremely hard to achieve. Someone who believes that they are never or rarely wrong likely does not know how to or refuses to recognise when they are wrong.
Claim of Superiority- “You Will Never Understand” Fallacy
There are people who claim that if someone has not understood their explanation then they are either not intelligent or knowledgeable enough to understand it or will never understand their logic.
“Then you will never understand” is an arrogant assumption. No one can predict if someone else will understand something at some point because understanding is simply a matter of giving someone the correct information in the correct way. It is extremely rare for someone to think so differently from someone else that it is impossible for them to ever understand something.
More commonly this is an assumption claiming that they are superior or too different, and that they no longer need to continue speaking.
There needs to be a distinct and conscious effort to distinguish what you can’t express from what you can’t justify. A lot of people think that science is cold and in opposition with humanitarian concepts and so they neglect logic and consequently make wrong decisions. These mistakes are made because they are close minded and make too many assumptions.
A lot of these fallacies are used to subconsciously justify what the person wants to be the truth, similar to a person who doesn’t want to work and will take any excuse, justified or not, to claim that they do not need to finish working.
When you believe in an answer without knowing the reason for it you are very likely inventing a reason to justify an assumption